Gaming Studio, Inc.

Background on the dominant wheel games for wagering in Minnesota by Gaming Studio, Inc.

In 1985 Minnesota formed its gaming regulatory agency, The Minnesota Charitable Gambling Control Board and rules were drafted for the ongoing operation of legislatively specified games of chance.  Joe Richardson, owner of the North Dakota licensed regulated gaming distributor "Great Gamble" and the "Great Gamble Gaming Institute," a board certified dealer training school, naturally looked to the huge market on the border of North Dakota as an expansion opportunity.  While the legislation was quite similar to that of North Dakota, the Minnesotans were not willing to authorize the game of "21."  While they allowed for bingo halls, the opportunity for social interaction among players in bars was severely limited by not having any table games.  Table games are a great place to meet and converse with people who you might not otherwise find.  Have a couple beers, turn a few cards, banter with the dealer and other players -- all leads to an enjoyable experience.


Noting the missing table game, Richardson made a mission of squeezing a table component into an otherwise tangled definition of "paddle wheel" games.  The wheel brought a common object and an operator or spinner before a group of people who register which bets they wished to make by placing their tickets in table slots.  Technically, it fit the statutory definition.  Roger Frank and Roger Swansen, the two top regulatory people agreed that it did not foul statute or equally convoluted rule.  Minnesota Tri-Wheel was authorized and off to spin itself into gaming wheel history.


The newest editions of the Tri-Wheel® are electronic.  Just to show a little of how an electronic wheel might spin and the types of betting options that could easily be provided, we produced the Dakota Tri-Wheel® which is an Apple amusement App.

Full featured - IPAD App for 99¢ - just click icon to the left.

The Minnesota Tri-Wheel is quite expensive to operate with tickets and it is labor intensive.  This precludes many organizations with rural or lower traffic sites from being able to economically operate the game.  With the advent of electronic pull tabs and electronic bingo, we have sought authorizing legislation to launch our electronic version of the Tri-Wheel® and its cousin the Pig Wheel®.

Legislative History and News


Legislation has been written and introduced in Minnesota HF 1798 that would add language to statute making electronic wheels in Minnesota viable.


Minnesota Invitation


We invite members of the Allied Charities of Minnesota Board to contact us to request a multi-organization presentation on HF 1798 and some of our proposed designs as well as the future of wheel games in general.  We would also welcome others, licensed organizations and distributors, hosting such multi-organization wheel game legislative informational sessions.


Allied Charities of Minnesota Endorse H.F. 1798 and S.F. 1738


     We thank Allied Charities of Minnesota, Minnesota's only trade association for charitable gaming representing several hundred nonprofit organizations conducting gaming in over 2,500 licensed liquor establishments throughout the state for their endorsement.  We look forward to being able to finally produce the electronic paddle wheel games that were envisioned when the initial authorization was passed in 2012.  Please contact your legislators to see if they will join the authors Representatives Lien and Hoppe  and Senator Metzen in sponsoring this legislation.




What the legislation proposed in 2016 does:

1.  Allows the use of symbols in addition to numbers on a wheel.

     This will allow us to introduce our very popular Pig Wheel™ in Minnesota.  It will

       join our Minnesota Tri-Wheel®.


2.  Allows us to offer a one-ticket-many-bet format, consolidate all of

     the bet selections of a player for up to 10 consecutive spins onto one


      This is accomplished by using the Player Selection Form whereby all of the players

      selections are indicated and then scanned into a terminal that records all of those

      selections and issues one ticket encompassing them.  It is accurate, easy and secure and

      it will save literally tons of paper over our current ticketing system.  Reduces secure

      paper handling by at least 95% saving tons of paper imported into Minnesota and

      consumed in a minute and discarded.


3.  Allows the random generation of target numbers to be

     conducted on a central server and sent down to all of the wall

     mounted wheels on the network every 4 or 5 minutes.

      Brings regulatory oversight with regard for the efficacy of the random process to

      one central computer rather than hundreds of computers scattered about the

      state.  The central computer also keeps real time records of all tickets sold and

      the choices a player has made.


4.  Given that one ticket now represents as many as 500 bet

     selections over 10 spins (something that would require 500

     tickets under current law) we eliminated the prize limit per

     ticket; however, we retain the limit of $50 per person per spin

     as is already in rule.

      Limits on paddle wheels are a function of the field of possible bets being

      necessarily limited.


5.  Authorizes electronic tables using multi-touch sensitive digital

     surfaces and virtual tickets or chips.

     Player approaches the table and provides cash for as many chips as they wish, not to

       exceed $2 per chip.  The chips are issued to their "home stack" at one of the designated

       positions at the table.  All of the player's chips are of the same value, established at the

       time of purchase.  The player moves the chips to designated areas on the table

       indicating where they wish to play.  The wheel operator calls for a simulated spin

       when they believe the betting is complete.  The table surface is locked from further

       input until the spin is completed.  Once the spin is stopped, the losing chips expand

      and poof in a cloud.  The winning chips expand and the payout quantity is indicated -

      followed by the chips moving on top of the player's home stack.  A player indicating a

      wish to cash out will have their chips removed to a position in front of the operator

      until a printed receipt for the value of chips is provided.  The player takes the receipt to

      the jar cashier or other designated party to redeem for cash.  Wheel operators are still

      used to take cash, print cash out receipts, provide instruction on how to play and to

      maintain a positive and entertaining experience with paddle wheel tables.


6.  Insures that the Minnesota Gambling Control Board has regulatory

     authority over all components, sales, distribution and operations of

     electronic wheels.


7.  In general, makes for a wheel games that are secure, efficient,

     regulatable, easily audited and inexpensive to operate.

What the legislation doesn't do:

1. Does not authorize electronic simulated paddle wheels.

     Those are already in statute.  We, as the wheel experts, are making them efficient

     and capable of being operated securely and cost effectively.


2. Does not change the current conduct of existing wheel games.


3. Does not eliminate wheel operators or authorize player activated

    wheel games.

For more information on legislation.......

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