Gaming Studio, Inc.
Minnesota's Only Authorized Table Game
Gaming Studio is proud to present the most social of games operated in MN bars and taverns
In 1985 Minnesota formed its gaming regulatory agency, The Minnesota Charitable Gambling Control Board and rules were drafted for the ongoing operation of legislatively specified games of chance. Joe Richardson, owner of the North Dakota licensed regulated gaming distributor "Great Gamble" and the "Great Gamble Gaming Institute," a board certified dealer training school, naturally looked to the huge market on the border of North Dakota as an expansion opportunity. While the legislation was quite similar to that of North Dakota, the Minnesotans were not willing to authorize the game of "21." While they allowed for bingo halls, the opportunity for social interaction among players in bars was severely limited by not having any table games. Table games are a great place to meet and converse with people who you might not otherwise find. Have a couple beers, turn a few cards, banter with the dealer and other players -- all leads to an enjoyable experience.
Noting the missing table game, Richardson made a mission of squeezing a table component into an otherwise tangled definition of "paddle wheel" games. The wheel brought a common object and an operator or spinner before a group of people who register which bets they wished to make by placing their tickets in table slots. Technically, it fit the statutory definition. Roger Frank and Roger Swansen, the two top regulatory people agreed that it did not foul statute or equally convoluted rule. Minnesota Tri-Wheel was authorized and off to spin itself into gaming wheel history.
The newest editions of the Tri-Wheel® are electronic. Electronic simulated wheels were authorized by the Minnesota legislature in 2012; however, the wagering process remains tied to the very expensive and labor intensive one-ticket per every one-wager.
The Minnesota Tri-Wheel® is the only table game (think social) in Minnesota charitable gaming.
With the advent of electronic pull tabs and electronic bingo, we have sought legislation modifying the very expensive requirement of using a secured ticket with each wager. Because of the electronic system design, using a 2.6¢ paper ticket (all imported into Minnesota) with each $1 wagered is no longer needed to track each and every wager and payout. The modifications would effectively allow the use of electronic wheels envisioned in the 2012 authorizing legislation. Electronic wheels are already authorized by statute, they will become reality if we can modify the ticket requirement.
Wheels in Minnesota (Electronic and Mechanical)
Taxed at 8.5%, Not the 18 - 36%
Spin Up as Much as 76% in Tax Savings with Wheels
The bills filed for 2019 were held over to 2020.
This legislation does not pass without your support in contacting you Representative and Senator.
Find who represents you HERE
Remember, electronic wheels were authorized in MN during the 2012 session. But, the needless use of a wasteful paper ticket with each and every wager continued in statute. Note: similar wheel games with tables in North Dakota are not played with paper tickets. While electronic wheels were approved in 2012, the cost of having to use a paper ticket with each wager along with the cost of new electronics made using electronic wheels/tables too expensive. The Minnesota Indian Gaming Association has blocked attempts to replace the requirement to use paper tickets with virtual tickets on an electronic table. Here is their last argument against omitting paper tickets.
Allied Charities of Minnesota Endorsed
We thank Allied Charities of Minnesota for their continued endorsement of attempts to modify the ticketing/wagering process for paddle wheels that, while keeping existing wheel operations the same as they are now, would effectively allow us to efficiently launch electronic wheels and tables .... in many cases bringing Tri-Wheel® up to the 21st century. The existing wheel and table is very expensive both in consumption of a 4¢ ticket with each wager and in controlling the secured inventory of tickets as well as it is less secure and efficient while also being less attractive to the newer generation. No new table has been produced in the past 25 years! That's right, any table you see is over 25 years old and while we feel quite satisfied that they have lasted that long in a bar environment, we know they are dying away. With them goes the only social table game in the charitable gaming portfolio. And, it is the social attributes of table games that are attractive to the newer, younger, players.
All other game types in Minnesota have functioning electronic adaptations
What the MN legislation proposed in 2019 does:
1. Can reduce your effective gaming tax rate.
For every dollar, after prize payout, you realize from wheel games, you bring down
your effective tax rate. Wheels are taxed at 8.5% and, increasingly, organizations are
finding themselves in the 36% tax bracket. If you have pretty hot sites, you really can
benefit your overall organizational fundraising with wheel games.
2. Allows us to offer a one-ticket-many-bet format, consolidate all of
the bet selections of a player for up to 10 consecutive spins onto one
This is accomplished by using the Player Selection Form whereby all of the players
selections are indicated and then scanned into a terminal that records all of those
selections and issues one ticket encompassing them. This wagering system is accurate,
easy and secure and allows for timely reporting and auditing of related transactions.
This wagering process will reduce tons of related imported paper consumption by
3. Allows the random generation of target numbers to be
conducted on a central server and sent down to all of the wall
mounted wheels on the network every 4 or 5 minutes.
Brings regulatory oversight with regard for the efficacy of the random process to
one central computer rather than hundreds of computers scattered about the
state. The central computer also keeps real transactional records including wagers and
4. Since one piece of paper, ticket, can represent several wagers
instead of just one, we eliminated the prize limit per ticket and
replace with prize per wager of $500 per $1 wager and $1000 per $2
5. Enables electronic tables using multi-touch sensitive digital
surfaces and virtual tickets or chips.
Player approaches the table and provides cash for as many chips as they wish, not to
exceed $2 per chip. The chips are issued to their "home stack" at one of the designated
positions at the table. All chips in a player's possession are same value, established at
the time of purchase. The player moves the chips to designated areas on the table
indicating where they wish to play. The wheel operator calls for a simulated spin
when they believe the betting is complete. The table surface is locked from further
input until the spin is completed. Once the spin is stopped, the losing chips expand
and poof in a cloud. The winning chips expand and the payout quantity is indicated -
followed by the chips moving on top of the player's home stack. A player indicating a
wish to cash out will have their chips removed to a position in front of the operator
until a printed receipt for the value of chips is provided. The player takes the receipt to
the jar cashier or other designated party to redeem for cash. Wheel operators are still
used to take cash, print cash out receipts, order spins and provide instruction on how
to play and to maintain a positive and entertaining experience with paddle wheel
6. Allows the use of symbols in addition to numbers on a wheel.
This will allow us to introduce our very popular Pig Wheel™ and potentially use some
symbols (gophers, walleye, etc.) that are significant in Minnesota.
7. Provides the Minnesota Gambling Control Board regulatory
authority over all components, sales, distribution and operations of
8. In general, makes for a wheel games that are secure, efficient,
regulatable, easily audited and inexpensive to operate.
What the legislation doesn't do:
1. Does not authorize electronic simulated paddle wheels.
Those are already in statute. We, as the wheel experts, are making them efficient
and capable of being operated securely and cost effectively.
2. Does not change the current conduct of existing wheel games.
3. Does not eliminate wheel operators or authorize, in any form,
player activated wheel or gaming devices.
For more information on legislation.......
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Gaming Studio, Inc. Post Office Box 3112, Fargo, ND 58108-3112
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